We eat this stuff faster than we can make it! We finally got smart and started doubling the recipe!
2 sticks of pareve margarine
1 cup of brown sugar
1 bag of chocolate chips
HINT Cover a cookie pan with foil. It makes cleanup easier.
Line the cookie pan with matzas. It is ok if they overlap a little. Melt the margarine with the brown sugar until it starts to boil. Pour the mixture over the matza and bake at 375F for seven (7) minutes. Take the pan out of the oven and pour the chocolate chips over the matzas. After they melt, let it all cool in the fridge for one (1) hour. Break up into small pieces and watch them disappear!
In: Holidays, Kosher Kitchen, Kosher Recipes, Passover
Shalom and welcome to the Passover issue of the Kosher Nexus. In this special edition, you will find a wealth of information for Passover. We all hope that this issue will help you with everything from preparing your home to purchasing Kosher L’Pesah products. From all of us, and the Union for Traditional Judaism, we wish you a festive and meaningful Pesah.
Preparing Your Home for Pesah
Pesah begins on Monday night (April 10) this year. The Search for Leaven will take place on the night before Yom Tov—Sunday, April 9, after dark. At that time, all of the usual blessings and formulas would be recited. The bitul (nullification) that is recited is generally only for the hametz that we don’t know about. It is very important that we understand the words of the nullification formula. Therefore, for those who don’t understand the Aramaic or Hebrew, it is fitting to repeat the words in English.
The final bitul is done the next morning (Monday, April 10) early in the day. At that time, all hametz must be gone from the home. We recite the bitul, and we burn the hametz that we bagged the night before.
The Fast of the Firstborn takes place on Monday, as well. In addition to each b’chor, fathers of a minor b’chor must also fast on behalf of that minor child.
Most synagogues will offer a siyum (conclusion to a tractate of Talmud) at the end of the morning minyan. Attendance at a siyum obviates the need to fast.
All preparations of the house and foods must be done well before Yom Tov. In order to prepare for Pesah, each room of the house must be carefully cleaned. The Kosher Nexus offers the following tips and suggestions:
• Check all sofa and chair cushions and vacuum carefully.
• Use a vacuum cleaner with attachments to clean all baseboards and corners of rooms. This works great in the corners of your children’s closets and their drawers, too. (We all know how children love to hide things!)
• Clean out toy boxes, and wash all toys that a baby may have spilled formula or juice on, or even played with at mealtime.
• Check between mattresses; one never knows what could be lurking there!
• Pocketbooks, pant cuffs, coat pockets, and jeans pockets (especially those of little boys) should be carefully searched.
• Be especially careful during the cleaning of your den/TV room; you will be amazed at the places that hametz can be hiding.
• A word to the wise (and stressed)—concentrate on rooms where you know people have brought hametz during the year. If no one eats in the laundry room, for instance, save that room for last.
The Kosher Kitchen Korps
Naturally, the kitchen will require your most serious attention. Here are some tips to help make the process easier. (It won’t make you happier, but it will make the work easier!)
Refrigerators: Empty the refrigerator. Clean the interior thoroughly using a new (and, therefore, Pesahdik) sponge. Remove all the racks, bins, and shelves to facilitate cleaning. There are two halakhic stances concerning the interior of the refrigerator: Sefardim generally do not require lining/covering the shelves, etc. The Ashkenazic custom (but not law) today is to cover the plastic racks and bins. We do not believe that is necessary. Restock the refrigerator with only Kosher for Passover foods.
Blenders and Mixers: If you can afford it, it is best to buy separate units for Pesah. Any parts that are plastic or rubber cannot be made Kosher for Pesah, according to Ashkenazic minhag (custom). Therefore, after thoroughly cleaning the motor part, and kashering the metal blades, put away all the rest of the unit and get new parts for Pesah. (Stand-up mixers are much too difficult to kasher for Pesah, especially if used to make challah throughout the year. No matter how hard we tried, no matter how much we cleaned the mixer, there were still traces of hametz. We solved this problem by purchasing an inexpensive mixer to use just for Pesah.)
Dishwashers: Sefardim require that the unit be run through a full cycle. The Ashkenazic custom is to clean the interior with a brush and then run two full cycles. Many Ashkenazic authorities also require that new racks be purchased for Pesah. The Kosher Nexus recommends donning a pair of rubber gloves and washing those dishes by hand, or better yet, having those teenagers help out! (It will keep them busy for a few hours and, therefore, out of your hair!) Otherwise, one full cycle with soap will suffice.
Counters and Tabletops: Sefardim clean and purge with boiling water. They do not require the covering of tables or counters. Although the Mishneh Brurah is clear that we don’t have to cover countertops, common Ashkenazic practice is to clean and cover them all anyway. Most hardware and/or decorating stores sell clear plastic. This can be cut to size and makes a nice counter cover. For ease of use, though, nothing beats Rubbermaid Shelf Paper—its self-stick back is perfect, and it comes away easily at the end of Yom Tov. We follow the custom of the Mishneh Brurah.
Sinks: Sefardim require a complete cleaning followed by purging with boiling water. The Ashkenazic custom is to kasher only metal sinks. All other sinks must be cleaned, purged with boiling water, and lined or covered. A plastic dish tub with a few holes poked in the bottom, which sits on a sink rack, works great.
Microwave Ovens: (This does not include convection ovens, which must be made kosher for Pesah the same way as a conventional oven.) Clean the inside of the microwave thoroughly. Remove any trays. Put a bowl of water in the oven. Turn the power up to full and boil the water for a few minutes until the entire interior is wet with steam. Move the bowl and nuke it once again.
Drawers and Cabinets: These must be cleaned and lined. Those that will not be used during Pesah need not be lined. The Kosher Nexus recommends that any cabinets and drawers that will not be used be sealed with a bit of tape (or better still—put a “closed for Yom Tov” sign on it; another good way to keep the kids busy) to avoid any accidental use of items that remain inside.
Self-Cleaning Ovens: Run the self-clean cycle. Voilà! One Kosher-for-Pesah oven. (And if that isn’t the best reason to own one…!) You may also be able to put racks and stove-top trivets in the oven during the cleaning cycle, but please check your owner’s manual first, as temperatures reach approximately 700 degrees during the cleaning cycle.
Note: The above pertains to self-cleaning ovens only, NOT continuous-cleaning ovens.
Ovens: Remove any part that is removable, and scrub, scrub, and scrub some more. Basically, clean it until it won’t come any cleaner! Use a lot of oven cleaner, but if you have a “continuous-clean” oven, check your owner’s manual before applying an oven cleaner. Some oven cleaners will destroy the finish on continuous-clean ovens. After a complete cleaning, put it all back together and turn on the oven full blast for one full hour. When cool, cover your racks with aluminum rack covers, found inexpensively at the supermarket, or use new racks for Pesah. Your broiler pan cannot be kashered for Pesah unless you use a blowtorch! It must be brought to a higher temperature than it is normally used for, hence the blowtorch.
Gas and Electric Ranges: These cooktops must be cleaned as thoroughly as possible. Remove all parts that you can and scrub. Remove the trivets from the range top, and give them a good cleaning. Lift up the range top—it is amazing how much hametz that you will find here. Clean it all out! For electric ranges, the coils are self-kashering. Just let them get red, and they are ready to go. For gas ranges, put your cooktop back together and turn on the burners for one full hour. When everything has cooled down, line the inside of your range with aluminum foil, and do the same for the range top. You have now completed kashering your stove for Pesah. Please keep in mind that the “blech” we use all year round cannot be made Kosher for Pesah. A new one will need to be purchased.
Bread Drawers: Ashkenazic custom is to clean the bread drawer and close it for Pesah.
What are the kashering methods used for Pesah? There are four possible ways to kasher for Pesah: (A) Hagalah—immersion in boiling water; (B) Libun—purification by flame by turning the metal white-hot (such as with a blowtorch, used to clean items like broilers and barbecues); (C) Irui—pouring boiling water over the surface; and (D) Milui v’irui—soaking in cold water.
How do we kasher utensils for Pesah? In general, the rule we follow is simple: Each utensil is kashered according to its use. Halakhically, we say, “as the utensil has absorbed, so will it emit what it has absorbed.” Many items can be made kosher for Pesah by hagalah (the total immersion of an item into a larger pot of boiling water for a few seconds).
How do we do hagalah? First take a Pesah pot and fill it with water. Bring the pot to a boil.
You are now ready to kasher (by dunking into the boiling water) each item that requires hagalah. You may do only one item at a time. The Kosher Nexus recommends heavy-duty rubber gloves (the kind for handling chemicals), so that you do not get burned. Another great idea for dunking is to purchase a nylon net bag, and put your items into the bag, and then dunk the bag.
Each item to be boiled must be clean and must not have been used for the preceding 24 hours. If you do not have a Pesah pot big enough to use for hagalah, use a hametz pot. Bring the pot to a boil, spill it over as above, and you are ready to dunk.
What can be kashered this way? In general, items made of metal, glass, and stone may be kashered this way. However, the Kosher Nexus recommends that you be very careful with glassware, as the boiling water may cause breakage. There is an alternate way to kasher glassware for Pesah.
So how do you kasher glassware? Again, there are differing opinions on this. The Sefardim say that one only has to thoroughly wash the glass item. The Ashkenazic view is that glass needs to be kashered for Pesah use. To kasher glassware, you must first make sure that the items are glass. Only pure glass that has been washed and allowed to stand for 24 hours may be kashered.
Glassware requires a three-day dunk! Yep, count ’em, three days. The Kosher Nexus suggests using an “extra” bathtub or a very large wash basin. Put all glassware into the tub, and then fill with cold water. Completely empty the tub after 24 hours, and refill. Then empty it again, after another 24 hours have passed, and refill it. Finally, after the third 24-hour period has passed, you may remove your glassware. They are now Kosher for Pesah. (This method can also be used whenever you need to kasher your glassware that may have become trefe for some reason, or if you are just becoming kosher.) We have discovered that more and more Ashkenazim in Israel follow the Sefardic custom. We concur.
ITEMS YOU CANNOT KASHER
There are a number of items that cannot be made kosher for Pesah. They include the following:
Any plates or bowls made of stoneware, bone china, porcelain, or various clays are all porous and cannot be kashered. (Most china is a combination of various clays.)
Anything made out of plastic, as it absorbs food particles. (Ashkenazic custom only, and not all rabbis agree with this stance.)
Baking pans cannot be made Kosher for Pesah.
Kosher L’Pesah Foods
Purchasing Kosher for Pesah foods takes some thought and planning. Many products that you use every day cannot be used for Pesah. Most items require special certification for Pesah. The list below will help you in determining which products do and do not need special Pesah certification.
The following items do NOT require special certification for Pesah:
Bicarbonate of soda
Cocoa (Hershey’s Pure)—just open a new container
Isocal, Ensure, Sustecal, Ipecac
Frozen juices without added vitamin C
Unsweetened, natural frozen fruits—not in any syrup
Fresh fruits and vegetables
Domino Brownulated and Domino Brown Sugar
Salt without iodine
Extra-virgin olive oil
Plain, unflavored seltzer
The following products REQUIRE certification for Pesah use:
Butter (Only if bought during pesah).
Canned fruits and vegetables
Honey (due to the possible undocumented presence of corn syrup)
Frozen fruit with any additives
Herbal teas are available for Pesah, but only in specially marked packages. Herbal tea must be certified for Passover (as well as all year long).
Liquid Sweet ‘n’ Low is OK to use for Pesah. There is powdered Sweet ‘n’ Low (in packets) that is kosher for Pesah, but only in specially marked packages.
Cottonseed oil needs only to be marked kosher for it to be used for Pesah.
Many caffeine-free teas are actually chametz—beware!
In: General Topics, Holidays, Kosher Kitchen, Kosher News, Passover
SWEET POTATO KUGEL
(From No Cholesterol Passover Recipes, by Debra Wasserman)
6 small sweet potatoes, peeled and grated
3 apples, peeled and grated
1 cup raisins
1 cup matzo meal
2 tsp cinnamon
1 cup fruit juice or water
Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Mix ingredients together. Press into large baking dish. Bake 45 minutes at 375 degrees until crisp on top. Serves 12.
Calories per serving: 156
Fat: less than 1 gram
Protein: 2 grams
Carbohydrates: 38 grams
In: General Topics, Health, Holidays, Kosher Kitchen, Kosher Recipes, Passover
PASSOVER FAQ- UPDATED FOR 5777
Every year, the number of questions we receive at the Operation Pesah Hot Line continues to grow and grow. We are most pleased to note this increase as it points to a heightened level of awareness and observance of the holiday. Included in this special edition of the Kosher Nexus is a fairly complete representation of all the questions we have received. We hope that this guide will add to your observance of Pesah, and that it will make your life easier as you prepare for the holiday. Chag Kasher V’sameach to everyone!
B. VEGETABLES AND FRUITS
D. BEVERAGES: SODA, COFFEE, ALCHOHOL
E. SNACKS AND DESSERTS
I. ALUMINUM / WAX PAPER
B. OVENS & STOVES
C. DISHWASHERS & TABLE TOPS
III. NON-FOOD ITEMS
V. THE SEDER
VII. HOW, WHAT, WHY
I. FOOD, FOOD, FOOD, FOOD:
WHAT ABOUT OAT AND SPELT MATZAHS? There are kosher for Passover Oat and Spelt Matzahs. We publish the phone numbers at Pesah time. In years past, Oat matzahs were available at 1 908 370 8460.
DOES HARD (AGED) CHEESE NEED PASSOVE R CERTIFICATION IF IT IS BOUGHT BEFORE PESAH? Yes.
DOES BUTTER NEED PESAH CERTIFICATION IF BOUGHT BEFORE PESAH? Absolutely not!
CAN I USE AN UNOPENED BOTTLE OF ORGANIC MAPLE SYRUP? Yes, but open it first before you use it.
DO COTTAGE CHEESE AND CHEESES IN GENERAL NEED PASSOVER CERTIFICATION? Yes.. Careful consumers should only buy Kosher for Passover cheeses- hard and soft!
IS THERE A KP NON DAIRY CREAMER? Yes, it is made by Kineret (the frozen challah people).
IS THERE A LOW FAT KP CHEESE? Yes.
B. VEGETABLES AND FRUITS
MAY ALL FROZEN VEGETABLES BE USED FOR PESAH? No, not at all. It used to be that frozen veggies were quite good for Pesah, but that has ceased to be the case due to the fact that most vegetable processors now cook all manner of hametz in the same retorts in which the vegetables are cooked. (Yes, even frozen veggies are subject to some cooking.) So, frozen vegetables need Pesah certification.
MAY WE EAT CORN? Not if you are an Ashkenazi. Only Sephardim eat corn on Pesah.
MAY I USE PEELED BABY CARROTS? Some people say no out of a fear that the anti-oxidants used may be hametz. Obviously, the situation can change from year to year. Until now, there has been no problem with peeled carrots.
ARE WE PERMITTED TO EAT STRINGBEANS? According to the Rem”a,(Rabbi Moses Isserles) yes, we may. Not every rabbi accepts that stance. According to the Kosher Nexus, we may eat string beans.
MAY WE EAT SWEET POTATOES ON PASSOVER? Canned ones would need Pesah certification. Fresh ones would be fine.
CAN I USE CANNED PINEAPPLE WITHOUT PESAH HASHGACHA ON PESAH? Some people feel that canned pineapple in its own sauce only (i.e., not in syrup) is acceptable for Passover. We suggest, to be safe, that you buy certified KP canned pineapple.
DOES APPLESAUCE NEED PASSOVER CERTIFICATION? Yes.
IS QUINOA KOSHER FOR PESAH? Yes. It needs no Passover certification. If you want to be certain beyond all certainties, buy it before Pesah.
DOES CEREAL NEED PASSOVER CERTIFICATION? Absolutely! There are now a number of fairly expensive cereals on the market for Pesah. We recommend that if you eat Gebrukts, try putting farfel in a bowl and add milk and sugar.
IS MUSTARD SEED KOSHER FOR PESAH? No. Even though it is not kitniyot, the accepted custom of the Jewish community is not to eat mustard seed on Pesah.
D. BEVERAGES: SODA, COFFEE, ALCHOHOL
WHAT ABOUT SODAS? Soda needs Passover hashgacha. One thing you should know is that often times the label on the soda will say “corn syrup” even though the cap of the soda says KP. Fear not, there are no kosher for Passover sodas that contain corn syrup. They simply don’t change the label for Passover, hence the KP on the cap. Please also note that flavored Seltzer needs Passover hashgacha. Plain, unflavored seltzer is automatically Kosher for Pesach.
IS THERE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER RUM? We have never seen any.
DOES COFFEE NEED PASSOVER CERTIFICATION? All regular GROUND coffee is acceptable for Passover.
DOES DECAF TEA OR DECAF COFFEE NEED PASSOVER HASHGACHA? Yes. Lipton Decaf tea is fine for Passover with no special certification
IS THERE AN ORGANIC WINE FOR PASSOVER? Yes, it is called Kedem Wine.
ARE THERE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER WHISKEYS? Not many. There are some kosher for Passover vodkas, bourbons, one tequlla, and some liqueurs. Check for hashgacha.
IS THERE KP BRANDY? Yes, among others who make it, Kedem makes some. Brandy must have P certification.
E. SNACKS AND DESSERTS
WHAT ABOUT NUTS? Nuts must be raw, not colored, with no additives and no BHA. Other than that, they need Pesah certification.
MAY WE EAT PEANUTS ON PASSOVER? According to the late Rabbi Moses Feinstein (OBM), we may eat peanuts on Passover. Many have twisted his words, but, simply put, he allowed it unless there is a community wide custom not to
IS THERE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER PEANUT BUTTER? No. But you could make your own provided you had cleaned and kashered your peanut butter maker.
WHAT ABOUT POPCORN? Ashkenazim would not eat popcorn on Pesah. Sephardim could, but they generally don’t. It would need Pesah certification, by the way.
WHAT ABOUT COCOA? Hershey’s Pure Cocoa needs no special certification for Passover. Just open a new tin/box.
IS THERE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER VANILLA? Yes, but it must have special Passover certification.
DOES HONEY NEED P CERTIFICATION? Pure honey with no additives needs no Passover certification. Beware of any honey produced in China. We do not recommend honey from China at any time!
IS THERE SUCH A THING AS KP RICE CAKES? No, not even for Sephardim. (Note: in Israel they do sell KP rice cakes for Sephardim.)
IS THERE A KOSHER FOR PESAH CORN STARCH? We have never seen one. Of course, Ashkenazim wouldn’t use that product at all.
DOES ARTIFICIAL SWEETENER NEED HASHGACHA FOR PESAH? Generally speaking, yes, it does. Plain saccharin tabs need no hashgacha.
DOES APPLE CIDER VINEGAR NEED PESAH CERTIFICATION? Yes.
WHAT IS THE STATUS OF VINEGAR? Unless it is certified kosher for Passover, it isn’t!
IS THERE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER SOY SAUCE? No, not even for Sephardim.
ARE JALAPENOS IN THE CAN OR JAR KP? They would need Passover certification.
WHAT SPICES ARE KP? In general, spices need Passover certification because of the ways in which spices are dried, cured, and produced. In addition, some spices are sprayed with a Hametz spray to make them dry better and more quickly. Hence, spices need certification. Some years, there are spices that are acceptable without special Passover certification. When that is the case, we shall make the information available to you.
WHAT IS THE STORY WITH EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL? It doesn’t need special Passover certification. (only true of extra virgin oil)
IS CANOLA OIL KP? It certainly can be.
WHAT ABOUT SAFFLOWER OIL? It needs P certification. Look for Hollywood brand in the regular oil dep’t of your super market. It often hides there!
WHAT IS THE STATUS OF GUAR GUM, CAROB BEAN GUM, AND CARRAGENUM? They need Passover certification.
CAN I COOK HAMETZ BEFORE PESAH, FREEZE IT, AND USE IT AFTER PESAH? As long as you included it in your sale of Hametz, yes.
IS FLAX SEED KOSHER FOR PASSOVER? Yes- in all forms: raw, dry, or bleached.
IS METAMUCIL KOSHER FOR PESAH? The unflavored kind is acceptable. The capsules are fine, too.
DOES ALUMINUM FOIL NEED P CERTIFICATION? No.
DOES WAX PAPER NEED P CERTIFICATION? No. According to some authorities, it does, however, need kosher certification. Just not Passover certification.
DOES THE MIKVEH MAKE DISHES KOSHER FOR PASSOVER? No, it does not.
HOW DO I KASHER SILVERWARE? After not using the silverware for at least 24 hours, immerse it piece by piece in boiling water. You might want to use a nylon stocking bag to make it easier. Heavy duty rubber gloves are helpful, too.
HOW DO I KASHER GLASSWARE? There are three ways. One way (and we do not suggest you do this) is to immerse it in boiling water. The other is to do the three day dunk. Fill a large tub or basin with water from the tap. Hot, cold, tepid- it matters not. Put the glassware into the tub of water and make sure that it is totally immersed. After 24 hours, drain the water and refill. After another 24 hours, drain and refill. After another 24 hours, drain the water, and you are done. Sephardim simply wash glass to make it kosher for Pesah. Many Ashkenazim follow the Sefardi custom. Among commentaries, the Trumas Hadeshen stands out for not allowing glass to be kashered.
HOW DO I KASHER STEMWARE? Forget about boiling it- it is much too dangerous. Do the three day dunk. (See above.) Or follow the Sefardi custom.
HOW DO I KASHER CORNINGWARE? First of all, note that Corning BAKE ware may NOT be kashered for Pesah. In general, the rule regarding Corningware is: If it has been used for heating/cooking foods, then it has to be kashered in heat over 750 degrees. If it has NOT been used to heat/cook foods, it can be kashered by either the three day dunk or by boiling.
B. OVENS & STOVES
HOW DO I KASHER THE OVEN? The easiest way is to hire someone else to do it! If, however, you have to do it yourself, minutely and fastidiously scrub and then scrub some more until the inside shines. To the extent that it is possible, take the oven apart and clean even behind the walls. Take out the racks and scrub them until they shine again. Put the racks back in the oven and put the oven on b roil for one hour. The bottom line is: do the best job you can do.
HOW DO I KASHER A SELF CLEANING OVEN? Turn on the self cleaning cycle. Go drink some coffee and come back in four hours. Voila!
HOW DO I KASHER A CONTINUOUS CLEANING OVEN? The only way to do this kind of oven is just the same way we clean any regular oven. Care should be taken, however, as many continuous cleaning ovens can be ruined by caustic cleansers. Check with the manufacturer’s instructions, first.
HOW DO I KASHER A MICROWAVE OVEN? Remove the inside tray and put it away for the holiday. Replace with a new one. Then, very carefully wash the interior of the unit. Once clean, put a bowl of water inside the oven. Nuke the water until it boils and the interior of the oven is covered with condensate. Then move the bowl and nuke again. When the interior is thoroughly wet, the unit is kosher for Pesah.
HOW DO I KASHER A GLASS TOP RANGE? If it is Corning, Halogen, Radiant, or Ceran: turn on the heat until the top is hot enough to do “libun kal,” i.e., it is hot enough to ignite a piece of tissue placed on it when the unit is turned off. Another way to do this is to use a blow torch to heat the glass top to over 550 degrees. We do NOT recommend this as you will probably crack the stove top this way. Finally, you can buy a new top.
HOW DO I KASHER THE TRIVETS ON THE STOVE TOP? Clean them very carefully. Put them back on the stove top and turn on the gas or the electric full out for twenty (some say 30) minutes.
C. DISHWASHERS & TABLE TOPS
HOW DO I KASHER THE DISHWASHER? There are different opinions about this. “Everyone” says to wash out the interior and scrub it with a brush and remove the racks and run two full cycles to kasher the dishwasher. Some people feel that the racks can not be made kosher for Pesah, so they put in new ones (or racks they use only for Pesah.). Others say to scrub the racks very carefully and then put them in the machine while you are running the two koshering cycles. Still others say metal racks need only be cleaned and then run through two cycles. Others say one cycle. Others say that rubber can be made KP. Some do not accept that. We follow a simple solution- we store chametz in the dishwasher over Pesach. Halachically, all that is needed, however, is to run a full cycle with soap and then you can use the dishwasher on Pesach.
HOW DO I KASHER A GRANITE TOP COUNTER? Use boiling water. Pour it all over the counter. Mop the floor.
CAN LUCITE BE MADE KOSHER FOR PASSOVER? There are two opinions: one says yes, the other says no. We are of the opinion that because Lucite is hard plastic, it can be made kosher for Pesah by immersion in boiling water.
HOW DO I KASHER MY YEAR ‘ROUND BLECH? According to Ashkenazic custom, we do not use our year ’round blech on Pesach (even with kashering). Ashkenazic custom is to use a strictly for Pesach blech.
HOW DO I KASHER A CAN OPENER? First clean it well. Don’t use it for 24 hours. Immerse it in boiling water.
HOW DO I KASHER MY DENTURES FOR PASSOVER? Although the temptation to say gargle with boiling water is strong, the truth is just clean them. Some people do pour boiling water over the dentures- but put them in the sink or in a cup first! We do not recommend using boiling water on your dentures. Just clean them carefully.
III. MEDICINES / COSMETICS / CLEANERS:
For the most up-to-date list of meds for Passover, contact Rabbi Bess in California. He is at 1 213 933 5031. He is THE authority on kosher for Passover medications. His list is the one that everyone else copies. The bottom line regarding meds is that many people have a custom to not use pills containing hametz unless there is no acceptable alternative. Many people believe that if it is a pill that is swallowed, it need not be kosher for Passover. We concur. We do note, though, that all insulins and all heart meds (as of now) are kosher for Passover. Please note that elixirs are always chametz and are NOT acceptable on Passover.
As this is a generalized listing, it is not possible for us to list cosmetics here. We do, however, believe that there is almost never an issue with cosmetics.
ARE SCOTCHBRIGHT PADS KOSHER FOR PASSOVER? Yes
IS COMET KOSHER FOR PASSOVER Yes.
WHAT IS THE STATUS OF O-U CERTIFIED CLEANING LIQUIDS? They are all kosher for Passover.
IV. PETS: DOGS, CATS, ETC:
There is only one area of concern that prompts more questions than those about meds and cosmetics, and that is: What do I feed my pet during Pesah?” The prohibition against having Hametz is a total prohibition. We can’t even have it to feed our pets. It is forbidden for us to have Hametz in our possession during the holiday. Although we can not feed our pets Hametz during Pesah, there is no prohibition against feeding them Treife. We can’t eat treife, but our pets may! So, for example, you could give your cat shrimp during Pesah, but not cereal based foods. In addition, we are not allowed to derive any benefit from any mixtures of meat and dairy, so we need to be sure that the food we give the pet is not forbidden because of mixtures of milk and meat. This, by the way, is true all of the year- not just during Pesah. Therefore, the foods we feed our pets may not contain meat and dairy mixtures nor may they contain Hametz. They may contain, however, Kitniyot. Every year, the list of acceptable foods changes, so we shall not list them here. Call the Operation Pesah Hot Line for a listing of acceptable foods.
IF I SELL MY PET WITH THE HAMETZ, MAY I FEED HIM/HER HAMETZ? No.
WHAT CAN I FEED MY GUINEA PIG? Try these fine foods: sunflower seeds, oranges, apple, carrot, alfalfa, lettuce, cabbage, and pears. In truth, it may just be easier to ask a gentile friend to take your pet to his/her home for the duration. That would obviate any feeding problems.
V. THE SEDER
WHAT IS THE BRACHA ON MATZAH? At the seder there are two blessings: regular motzi and then ….Asher… V’tzivanu al achilat matzah. During all other meals, the regular motzi is said.
I WILL BE AWAY FOR PESAH, WHEN DO I DO BEDIKAT HAMETZ? Just before you leave home.
CAN I USE HORSERADDISH FOR MARROR? Yes. The Mishna says to use romaine lettuce, but the Gemara says that we can use raw horseradish. Note: not jarred horseradish- raw!
VI. VEGETARIAN QUESTIONS:
WHAT CAN I USE INSTEAD OF AN EGG? Many vegetarians use an avocado seed.
WHAT CAN I USE INSTEAD OF A BONE? Many vegetarians use a beet.
WHERE CAN I FIND GOOD VEGETARIAN RECIPES FOR PESAH? You might want to try the ZERO
CHOLESTEROL PASSOVER RECIPE BOOK. It is pretty much the best work out there. Written by vegetarians for vegetarians, it is, nonetheless, a great cook book for everyone.
IS THERE A RESOURCE FOR VEGETARIANS? Indeed there is. The best collection of Kosher for Passover recipes (including veggie) can be found at: www.kosher4passover.com/recipes.htm
VII. HOW, WHAT, WHY:
WHAT IS GEBRUKTS? Gebrukts refers to mixtures of matzah (in any form) and water (or any other liquid). Some people observe the custom of no t eating gebrukts on Pesah, because they believe that when the matzah and liquid mix, the matzah may rise, making it not kosher for Pesah. Not all Jews accept this minhag. In fact,most probably do not. Of those who do, some refrain from eating gebrukts all of Pesah; others will eat it on the last day of the holiday. Of course, there are those of us who eat gebrukts all of Pesah, too! An example of gebrukts would be a matzah ball.
WHERE CAN I BUY A HAGGADAH? There are any number of places where you can buy Haggadot. Shuls sell them in their gift shop. Often times, supermarkets give them away. Kosher butchers often give them away. Of course, your local Judaica shop would have the best selection. You can call 1 718 258 9696 (Hecht’s Hebrew Book Store) and order Haggadot over the phone. Last of all, if nothing else pans out, call General Foods and ask them to mail you some of their famous Maxwell House Haggadot.
DOES THE UTJ HAVE ANY GOOD RECIPES FOR PASSOVER? No, but we can point you in the correct direction. Try this web site: www.kosher4passover.com/recipes.htm You should check the Kosher Nexus daily blog for on-going, up to date information: www.koshernexus.org
VIII. THE FINAL WORD:
Here at the UTJ, we are always available to answer your Kashruth questions- at Pesah time and all year around, too. Feel free to email your questions to email@example.com
This monograph was written by Rabbi Jeffrey Rappoport. Editing and formatting was done by Rabbi Seth Gordon.